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2. All results are average values from six measurements. Modulus of elasticity. Stress is applied to force per unit area, and strain is proportional change in length. Modulus reduction factor of sands and clays in drained and undrained loading expressed in terms of mobilized strength 9.9.2 Elastic Modulus from Cone Penetration Test With SCPTu, the shear wave velocity is measured directly and can be used to calculate Gmax or Emax using the expressions in Section 9.9.1. The E-modulus depends on dimension and amount of cold deformation in the material. Mechanical deformation puts energy into a material. To more analyze PPMT and CPT results, tables 1 to 3, present the correlated results from various references relating elastic modulus, E 0 , to limit pressure, p L , and relating point resistance q c , to elastic modulus, E 0 , and to limit pressure, p L . The results showed that the method proposed produces satisfactory estimates of the small-strain elastic modulus for practical purposes. In the CPT-based exhibit deformation and distortion. The enclosed spreadsheet uses a macro that is capable of estimating secant Young’s modulus at 50% of ultimate shear strength (E_{50}), friction angle (\phi), and undrained shear strength (S_{u}) of a soil layer based on typical borehole data such as SPT blow count and unit weight.This spreadsheet can be very handy when no CPT and/or laboratory test results are available. The modulus of elasticity formula is simply stress divided by strain. Shear modulus (or modulus of rigidity), G, is a measure relating shear stress to shear strain. Chapter 15 –Modulus of Elasticity page 79 15. For small strains, the shear modulus G is related to Young’s Modulus, E, as follows through elasticity theory as applies to material properties: ' Eʹ DrainedYoung’s modulus CHAPTER 2: DIRECT CPT METHOD FOR SOIL CHARACTERIZATION 2.1 INTRODUCTION A direct CPT method for determining the value of each of various geoparameters, shown in 1, is provided. Hi Guys, Got a problem that has annoyed me for a while. The energy is stored elastically or dissipated An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it. 1 INTRODUCTION From over 100 soil investigation projects per- formed in different zones in Iran, about 60 pro- jects were carried out in the areas of clayey or silty clay soils. Study reveals that, for different values of Poisson’s ratio of sand (0.3 to 0.45), modulus of elasticity varies between 14 to 16 %. Correspon- ding graphs are also shown. modulus. I understand drained Young's Modulus E' of clay can be obtained from Oedometer consolidation test in the Lab; and there are also many published correlations between CPT qc, relative density and E' for SAND. In the Marchetti procedure (1980, 2001) for obtaining a constrained modulus, the dilatometer material index (ID) and horizontal stress index (KD) are also required in order to attain the modulus ratio (RM = The parameter c is used in the derivation of several sequential parameters. The elastic modulus obtained in the laboratory using plate load test is in the range 20 to 24 MPa. Relationship between the DMT Elastic Modulus and CPT Tip Stress in Piedmont Soils. This section of 192 Source: Mayne (2007b) Figure 9-25. MODULUS OF ELASTICITY The modulus of elasticity (= Young’s modulus) E is a material property, that describes its stiffness and is therefore one of the most important properties of solid materials. Calculated small-strain elastic modulus values were compared with the values measured using bender ele-ment tests performed on clean sands and sands containing nonplastic ˆnes. elastic modulus to SPT number are given and compared to those reported in the literature. 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